The European Union (EU) is among the world leaders in sustainability and renewable energy implementation. More recently, climate change has emerged as a prominent issue in the international community due to the wide array of research, which has highlighted the effects that anthropogenic activities has on the warming of our planet. To help mitigate this climate change, the European Union has developed an impressive renewable energy portfolio to ensure a clean green future. However, similar to the formation of the EU, generating a significant amount of energy from renewables did not happen overnight. In this study, I apply the same theories that explain the integration of Europe to explain the strength of the renewable energy policies of the EU. Specifically, I examine the EU’s renewable energy policies through a theoretical lens of neofunctionalism, new institutionalism, intergovernmentalism, and multi-level governance. Based on this study, I conclude that neofunctionalism and new institutionalism display equally functional explanations of the strength of the renewable policies of the EU.


Lantis, Jeffrey S


Political Science; Environmental Studies


Environmental Law


renewable energy, energy policy, EU, european integration theory

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis



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