This study examines how The Vindicator portrays the Youngstown Italian Mafia. Using Ernest Bormann’s method of fantasy theme analysis, 14 articles were examined from The Vindicator to examine the character, action, and setting themes of three Dons: Sandy Naples, Billy Naples, and Joey Naples. In addition, a small section connects the concepts of rhetorical vision and rhetorical community to how residents remember the Youngstown Mafia. The study concluded that the city of Youngstown loved Sandy Naples and depicted him in a positive light. However, as years progressed and Mafia Dons changed, the depiction of Youngstown and the Mafia slowly became negative. This was found to be due to a variety of changes in personality and economic status. Youngstown; The Vindicator; Mafia; fantasy theme analysis


Bostdorff, Denise


Communication Studies


Youngstown, Italian Mafia, The Vindicator

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis



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