This study seeks to put an emphasis on the need for more funding allocated toward reentry programs to make for a successful reentry for African American males back into urban communities. The cities of Atlanta and Detroit were used to provide a narrower scope of the impacts of reentry programs within predominant African American cities with a historically impactful African American background. Data was collected from the annual budget reports, and budget briefing reports of both Georgia and Michigan. The corrections budget provided very limited data on the impact of reentry programs for African American Males due to the negligence of Georgia and Michigan’s corrections departments to include the intersections of race and gender within their reports up until the 2015 fiscal year. The failure to include this intersection of identities excludes the ability to accurately measure the impact of reentry programs for African American Men in Urban areas. To measure the success of reentry programs, the funding allocated over the past decade was compared the incarceration rate over the past decade. To provide further analysis, reentry services were examined to observe whether the service considered the societal disadvantages affecting African American males.Results show that there is a simultaneous increase in funding for reallocation and a decline in prison populations for both states. Due to the recent acknowledgment of reentry programs within the past half-decade, more time is needed to analyze the effectiveness of reentry programs for African American males in urban communities.


N'Diaye, Boubacar


Africana Studies


Social Control, Law, Crime, and Deviance | Urban Studies and Planning


Mass Incarceration, Reentry, African American Men, Urban Communities

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis



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