While there have been many studies done involving LGBTQ+ people, past research has predominantly focused on intersectionality factors and attitudes, emotions, and mental health of LGBTQ+ individuals or has focused on analyzing the causes of prejudice toward this group. Due to these past focuses there is a gap in the literature involving general levels of sexual prejudice, international cross-cultural studies – notably involving France and the United States, examining levels of homophobia, sexual prejudice in relation to comprehensive measures of religion and other factors, and an extreme lack of studies utilizing the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Knowledge and Attitudes Scale (LGB-KASH) (Worthington, Dillon, & Becker-Schutte, 2005). This study aims to start filling the gap in the literature by focusing on 191 college students from a small midwestern college and university students from France and measuring levels of sexual prejudice toward the LGBTQ+ community with the LGB-KASH Scale and investigating how Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) may help predict levels of prejudice toward the LGBTQ+ community. This study also expands on previous research on the influence of religion on prejudice. Results showed an inverse relationship between SDO and LGB-KASH scores. Additionally, marginal differences were found between SDO and LGB-KASH scores, with Americans scoring slightly higher. Future research and directions are discussed as this study is the first step to filing a large gap in LGBTQ+ Psychological literature.


Thompson, Claudia




Social Psychology


Homophobia, sexual prejudice, Social Dominance Orientation, Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Knowledge and Attitudes Scale, religion, LGBTQ+

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis



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