Prior research indicates that individuals engage in organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) and counterproductive work behaviors (CWB) because of factors such as personality traits, role perception, and organizational constraints. College level students may perceive their role as an employee differently than traditional employees. Mainly because of the unique circumstances created when you incorporate their responsibilities as a student with previous factors shown to influence work behavior. Building upon and extending prior research, the present study examined the relationship between behavioral outcomes among college level student employees and individual differences, organizational identification, and environmental constraints. A survey of 219 college student employees indicated joint effects of narcissism, organizational constraints, and role perception on the development of OCB and CWB. Specifically, the three variables were all significant predictors of counterproductive work behavior and organizational citizenship behaviors, such that CWBs increased as narcissism and organizational constraints increased and then decreased as levels of organizational identification increased. The relationship between role perception and behavioral outcomes indicated a need to better understand how role perception can influence students’ own understanding of work ethics and appropriate behaviors for the work environment.


Clayton, Susan




Applied Behavior Analysis

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis



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