This study examined the predictability of patient attachment, trust, and satisfaction on adherence to physical therapy at-home exercises. The moderating effects of racial similarity, age, and gender were also examined. Previous studies have supported the idea that secure attachment, higher trust, and higher satisfaction can increase adherence to treatment regimens. Furthermore, patient race, age, and gender can influence this relationship. In order to examine the effects of the physical therapist-patient relationship on adherence to at-home exercises, a total of 45 patients from outpatient physical therapy clinics participated in this study. Attachment, trust, and satisfaction predicted patient adherence behaviors but participants did not differ based on race, age, and gender. Racial similarity resulted in stronger secure attachment but did not influence patient trust or satisfaction. The interrelationship between attachment and satisfaction predicted adherence, however, trust did not. Lastly, no moderating effects of the demographic variables were found. These results suggest patients’ relationship with their physical therapist may predict adherence to at-home exercises, but race, gender, and age alone may not influence this relationship.


Thelamour, Barbara






attachment, trust, satisfaction, adherence, physical therapy, race, age, gender

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis



© Copyright 2016 Isata M. Kamara