The Mexican Revolution erupted in 1910 after fraudulent presidential elections. Political dissatisfaction with the administration of Porfirio Díaz that developed almost two decades prior escalated into what historians hail as one of the greatest upheavals of the twentieth century. Intellectual precursors of the movement, like Ricardo Flores Magón, encouraged Mexican citizens to arms against the tyrannous Porfirio Díaz and developed the ideological foundation of the Mexican Revolution. Factions emerged with revolutionary leaders like Emiliano Zapata who represented unique political reform. The widespread struggle persisted for the greater part of the decade until the drafting of the Constitución de 1917. While the Constitución de 1917 provided the political reform and structure Mexico desperately needed, President Lázaro Cárdenas enacted the final installment, agrarian reform, in 1936. Reverberations from the Mexican Revolution continued to incite political movements and critique even until this present day. As an influential intellectual precursor, Ricardo Flores Magón’s unique anarcho-communistic ideology circulated widely throughout Mexico. While Flores Magón did not directly participate in the violent upheaval, his ideological contribution provided the struggle with a radical foundation as evidence of the overall revolutionary nature. The political reform and rhetoric intellectual precursors like Ricardo Flores Magón published in the pages of La Regeneración encouraged revolutionaries like Emiliano Zapata to develop similar ideological responses, like the Plan de Ayala. Furthermore, post-war scholars, like Rosario Castellanos, utilized precursory ideology to reflect and critique upon the achievements of the Mexican Revolution and the impact on the citizens of Mexico in literature.


Holt, Katherine

Second Advisor

Palmer, Cynthia


History; Spanish


Arts and Humanities


The Mexican Revolution, Anarcho-Communism, Emiliano Zapata, Rosario Castellanos, Ricardo Flores Magon

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis



© Copyright 2016 Olivia J. Murphy