This Independent Study regards the ways in which the Japanese American population faced social injustices on behalf of the United States government following the attack of Pearl Harbor. Despite official reports attesting to this minority’s innocence and overall disconnect from the Imperial Nation of Japan, the government continued to claim a fear of espionage and attack from those of Japanese descent on the west coast. The resulting action taken by the government was the ratification of Executive Order 9066, which relocated all those of Japanese ancestry to relocation centers, or internment camps. I will discuss how their “shikata ga nai” mindset shaped their experience as a whole, how they navigated questions of self-identity in a country that hated them, reacted to the WRA’s attempts of Americanization, and ultimately, how their plight relates to that of modern Muslim Americans.


Matsuzawa, Setsuko


Sociology and Anthropology

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis



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