This study seeks to determine if behavior of the five nuclear-weapon states toward a regime-proposed initiative has an effect on the success of the international non-proliferation regime. After reviewing previous theoretical work and literature on international regimes and state compliance with international institutions, it becomes apparent that this research provides a different approach to understanding how state behavior influences the success of international non-proliferation regimes. In an anarchical world order, states play several roles as members of international non-proliferation regimes. They are the promoters of the creation, maintenance and evolution of international non-proliferation regimes. When necessary, states act as the international police that condemns other states’ behavior, meanwhile at times they are also known to violate their commitments. Therefore, this study argues that state behavior impacts the success of the international non-proliferation regime. To define success of an international non-proliferation regime, levels of analysis were developed: where a regime could be identified as “effective,” “moderately effective,” and “ineffective.” Furthermore, this research employs comparative case study method to explain the impact of five nuclear-weapon states’ behaviors in relation to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty that was proposed by the United Nations Conference on Disarmament and the Additional Protocols developed by the International Atomic Energy Agency. At the end of the study, this project presents findings, analysis and final conclusions.


Lantis, Jeffrey


Political Science


International Relations

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis



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