The post-,industrial city experiences economic decline which leads to the search for answers to stimulate the economy. Many cities follow a path of business-elite led redevelopment strategy, which allows for little citizen participation. This paper evaluates theories for and against citizen participation in development policy. Empirical evidence supports the abilityof citizeI+S to form coalitions of greater participation, as well as do the potential social costs incurred when citizen participation is limited. A case study of the post-industrial city of Cleveland sought to [rnd whether business-elite led coalitions are in the city's best interest. The conclusion is that business-elite redevelopment strategy in the city of Cleveland has not succeeded in halting or reversing its economic decline.


Moskowitz, Eric

Second Advisor

Burnell, James


Urban Studies

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis

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