This Independent Study analyzes minority incorporation into the Cleveland, Ohio City Council and the policy responsiveness towards minority interests. The theory of this study is based on a model by Rufus Browning, Dale Marshall, and David Tabb. The first part of the model used a scale to measure the amount of incorporation there was for a particular city. Then the authors' used four elements to determine the amount of policy responsiveness towards minority interests there was. I will use their model to determine the amount of policy responsiveness and incorporation there is in Cleveland. The previous research done in this area, as well as the critiques of this model, are found in my review of literature chapter. For the Browning, Marshall, and Tabb model, their results showed great variation. Some of the cities they studied showed high levels of incorporation and responsiveness, while other cities showed little to no incorporation and responsiveness. The basic critique of this study is that the policies that these authors' looked at are not good indicators of whether or not governmental responsiveness is actually happening. Another critique of the authors' model is the measures used in their study are of no consequence. In other words, different measures must be used to determine policy responsiveness. The results of my study on Cleveland, Ohio show high levels of incorporation. At the same time, not much data could be found for responsiveness. Therefore, any conclusions drawn about this can not be conclusive. Overall, the basic problem with my study is a lack of available data to draw any concrete conclusions about Cleveland.


Moskowitz, Eric

Second Advisor

Fitz Gibbon, Heather


Urban Studies

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis

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© Copyright 1993 Thomas M. Bennett Jr.