This project tests the limits of the postfeminist, as it asks whether it is possible for socially deviant behavior like drug use to fit in with the feminist and postfeminist movements. I argue that white, upper to middle-class women turn to such behavior as a means of resisting oppressive societal constraints resulting from male-dominated society. In this project, I analyze three memoirs: How to Stop Time by Ann Marlowe, Whip Smart by Melissa Febos, and Lucky by Alice Sebold. The fact that each of these memoirists chooses to use heroin yet has a strong family background, is well educated, and has a high socioeconomic status is what groups them together in this project. To answer my research question, I examine each author's narrative form and the feminist overtones of each text, and discuss how they work together to present feminist or postfeminist implications of heroin use.


Prendergast, Maria




Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies


feminism, postfeminism, narrative, heroin

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis



© Copyright 2012 Rachel Kassenbrock