This paper analyzes the causes, structure, and discourse of the movement of Tupac Amaru in the Viceroyalty of Peru (1780-1781). The causes are divided into two chapters. The first reflects the intangible changes brought on by the Bourbon Reforms to the daily lives of the rural indigenous. It is shown that these reforms, while attempting to limit the corruption of the colonial elite, actually increased economic pressure on the natives. The second chapter analyzes the mechanisms of the colonial system that were present in daily life, and analyzes how they disrupted indigenous communities. The third chapter demonstrates that the supporters and opponents of Tupac Amaru's movement cannot be divided along racial lines. The uprising was not simply a "race war." The last chapter shows how Tupac Amaru's movement was reformist in nature, as opposed to revolutionary or anti-colonial.


Addis, Mary

Second Advisor

Holt, Katie


History; Spanish


Latin American History


tupac amaru, viceroyalty of peru, colonial latin america, indigenous movements

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis



© Copyright 2013 Christopher R. Marshall