This Independent Study seeks to understand how to improve the durability of peace in the aftermath of intrastate wars. Specifically, I research the role of implementation in achieving durable peace after the signing of negotiated settlements. Based upon a review of the literature, I begin to develop the argument that implementation is a distinct variable in peace processes. Utilizing a most similar systems comparative case study design I test my hypothesis that comprehensive implementation of negotiated settlements leads to durable peace. I offer process tracing case narratives of the peace processes resulting from the intrastate wars in Tajikistan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Guinea-Bissau, and Liberia. I conclude that comprehensive implementation does lead to durable peace. My research also suggests that peacekeepers might be able to preserve an otherwise unimplemented peace. My Independent Study provides a greater understanding of the often overlooked role implementation plays in achieving durable peace.


Krain, Matthew


International Relations

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis



© Copyright 2009 Whitney Elizabeth Louderback