The purpose of this Independent Study research project is to explore the multidimensionality of the Balinese term taksu in the context of performances, such as dance, shadow puppetry, and music. The research begins with an examination of performance and dance scholars with an emphasis on Victor Turner's interpretations of ritual performance and Rites of Passage. After a comprehensive review of dance, performance, and music, the field research for this study was conducted through interviews and participant observation over the course of two years. The information gathered from the contributors was analyzed and coded into three categories: performance, Rites of Passage, and liminality. During the liminal phase, taksu would manifest itself from the gods, from objects, or from ancestors. Without taksu's blessing, the performance would be considered lifeless and unsuccessful. The information about taksu revealed that it is selective in whom/when it chooses to manifest itself, and it has a variety of interpretations. Ultimately, taksu is a multifaceted, metaphysical term that describes a spiritual power in the form of a blessing that enhances a performer during his or her performance.


Frese, Pamela


Sociology and Anthropology


Folklore | Performance Studies


taksu, bali, performance, culture, performing arts, shadow puppetry, music, dance, audience-performer connection, rites of passage, liminality, multifaceted

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis



© Copyright 2013 Lauren Smith