This Independent Study is an autoethnography about the issues facing multi-ethnic identity focusing on Black-Native American identification. "In the United States, race became the main form of human identity, and it has had a tragic effect on low-status ˜racial' minorities and on those people who perceive themselves as of ˜mixed race'" (Smedley, 1999, 690). Through ethnographic interviewing and autoethnography I highlight the factors that affect the way Black-Native Americans self-identify based on internal and external situations. I prove through my research that identity is based on a number of factors: Blood or DNA, Family ethnicity, Phenotype, etc. and these factors affect the way a Multi-ethnic person identifies themselves or society identifies them.


Frese, Pamela


Sociology and Anthropology


Race and Ethnicity

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis



© Copyright 2012 Sara A. Muhammad