This study investigates how states employ counter-war strategies and negotiations to lower levels of violence committed by violent non-state actors (VNSAs). My hypothesis posits that a combination of counter-war strategies, or traditional counterterrorism through warfighting tactics, and negotiations can effectively decrease violence in conflicts between states and VNSAs. To test this hypothesis, analyze three unique case studies: The United States and the Taliban, Sri Lanka and the Tamil Tigers, and The United Kingdom and the IRA. This study uses various scholarly sources, as well as the Global Terrorism Database (GTD) to find quantifiable data that is then developed into a time-series logical analysis. This data is used to create longitudinal graphs, which are used to assess patterns in the individual conflicts, as well as observe trends across case studies.


Lantis, Jeffrey


Political Science


Terrorism, Counterterrorism, Negotiations, VNSA

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis



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