The purpose of this study was to investigate the social perceptions of the glottal fry register when presented by a male and female with minimum and maximum use. The quantitative methods of survey research was used to investigate perceptions of voice quality, likeability, intelligence, and occupations among older and younger generations of men and women in the United States. Current literature was examined that focused on vocal registers, glottal fry, social perceptions of voice, and more specifically how voices can garner negative perceptions, and thus negatively impact individuals. Perceptions between genders and older and younger generational age groups were also examined. The researcher created a survey with multiple choice, Likert-type, and both Bipolar and Likert Matrix tables. These questions aimed to discover how both male and females are perceived when speaking with contrasting levels of glottal fry, and if there were differences in perceptions among different population groups. Findings indicated that voices with minimum glottal fry are more positively perceived than voices with maximum glottal fry. It was also found that perceptions of voice differ when presented by males or female speakers. One major implication of this study is that glottal fry is perceived negatively by the general U.S. population, which can have adverse effects on social and professional outcomes for individuals who the glottal fry register.


Furey, Joan

Second Advisor

Keelor, Jennifer


Communication Sciences and Disorders


Social and Behavioral Sciences


glottal fry, vocal register, voice, speech, social perception, speech-language pathology (SLP)

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis



© Copyright 2020 Emily Cano