The arrival of Europeans to the New World forever changed the social and economic landscapes of Native Peoples who occupied the continents. Colonial institutions profited off the land and those who occupied it. One institution that exemplified this was the Fur Trade. Throughout the North and Northeast colonies, European nations acquired furs from a variety of mammals to meet the trans-Atlantic demand. To maximize profits in the New World many European colonizers turned to Native peoples to aid in their economic endeavors. Native Americans employed trade routes and knowledge of the land to their advantage in the new economic landscape.

In this IS, I illustrate the role that the Late Fort Ancient people played during the Fur Trade by investigating, the context bifacial endscrapers which appear to spike in usage during the period of (1450-1750 A.D). I evaluate ethnohistoric evidence to determine whether the Late Fort Ancient peoples may have been engaged in hide production work as a response to increasing European demand.


Navarro-Farr, Olivia




Archaeology, Fort Anicent, Endsrcrapers

Publication Date


Degree Granted

Bachelor of Arts

Document Type

Senior Independent Study Thesis Exemplar



© Copyright 2020 Kevin Andrew Rolph