The 13th amendment, passed in 1865, claimed to abolish slavery anywhere in the U.S. However, I argue that this is not the case. Between legislation passed by southern governments, lack of discipline by white police officers, and no repercussions for actually owning slaves, this amendment might as well have not of existed. While it did legally free slaves held in southern states; remnants of slavery continued to exist for practically another 100 years after the ratification of the 13th amendment. "Black Codes" and "Pig Laws" continued to restrict freed slaves "liberty" in some instances, until the official "Civil Rights Movement" of the 1960's.
Zimmerman, Demry, "13th Amendment Podcast" (2012). U.S. Experience to 1877 Podcasts. 14.