Title

Cl 2O Photochemistry: Ultravioletvis Absorption Spectrum Temperature Dependence and O( 3P) Quantum Yield at 193 and 248 Nm

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2011

Abstract

The photochemistry of Cl 2O (dichlorine monoxide) was studied using measurements of its UVvis absorption spectrum temperature dependence and the O( 3P) atom quantum yield, φ Cl2 o O(γ), in its photolysis at 193 and 248 nm. The Cl 2O UVvis absorption spectrum was measured over the temperature range 201-296 K between 200 and 500 nm using diode array spectroscopy. Cl 2O absorption cross sections, δCl 2O(γ,T), at temperatures <296 K were determined relative to its well established room temperature values. A wavelength and temperature dependent parameterization of the Cl 2O spectrum using the sum of six Gaussian functions, which empirically represent transitions from the ground 1A 1 electronic state to excited states, is presented. The Gaussian functions are found to correlate well with published theoretically calculated vertical excitation energies. O( 3P) quantum yields in the photolysis of Cl 2O at 193 and 248 nm were measured using pulsed laser photolysis combined with atomic resonance fluorescence detection of O( 3P) atoms. O( 3P) quantum yields were measured to be 0.85 ± 0.15 for 193 nm photolysis at 296 K and 0.20 ± 0.03 at 248 nm, which was also found to be independent of temperature (220-352 K) and pressure (17 and 28 Torr, N 2). The quoted uncertainties are at the 2 (95 confidence) level and include estimated systematic errors. ClO radical temporal profiles obtained following the photolysis of Cl 2O at 248 nm, as reported previously in Feierabend J. Phys. Chem. A 114, 12052, (2010), were interpreted to establish a <5% upper-limit for the O + Cl 2 photodissociation channel, which indicates that O( 3P) is primarily formed in the three-body, O + 2Cl, photodissociation channel at 248 nm. The analysis also indirectly provided a Cl atom quantum yield of 1.2 ± 0.1 at 248 nm. The results from this work are compared with previous studies where possible. © 2011 American Institute of Physics.

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